Many scientists love to research
into grapes and wine, often looking at health links (or
Is wine healthy, dangerous or
something in between? Read some of the stories below and see
some of the research going on, but please note
the UK’s Chief Medical Officer
(CMO) guideline for both men and women is now:
Prostate Cancer risk
(Wine Spectator) A meta-analysis of multiple
studies shows that overall moderate wine
consumption did not raise the risk of
prostate cancer, but white wine slightly
increases risk while red wine lowers it.
Extra glass of
wine a day 'will shorten your life by 30
(The Guardian) Any more than 100g of alcohol
(5x 175ml glasses of wine) a week is putting
your health in danger and lowering
life-expectancy by 6mths to 5yrs - depending
on consumption - according to an MRC study
published in the Lancet.
Human genes are
evolving to make alcohol consumption less
(The Daily Pennsylvanian) Researchers at
University of Pennsylvania identified
genetic selection pressures on Alcohol
dehydrogenases variants leading to more
adverse physical reactions to alcohol (full
Nature:ecology & evolution).
(Drinks retailing news) Campaigner Chris
Snowdon exposed Public Health England for
massaging evidence to push through a
reduction in UK alcohol guidelines, and
believes PHEs relationship with the
anti-drink lobby (including holding its
Alcohol Leadership Board meetings at the
offices of a temperance group) is worryingly
cosy for a state agency.
map smoke taint in wine grapes
(University of British Columbia) Volatile
phenols from smoke are absorbed quickly by
grapes and remain long after the smoke has
cleared, only becoming apparent again after
effects of low alcohol exposure, but adverse
effects of high alcohol intake on glymphatic
(Nature) Study on the effects of ethanol on
the Cenral Nervous System of mice suggests
that low-moderate alcohol consumption may
reduce the risk of dementia.
that sufficient sleep and exercise is
expected to do the same!)
dementia: Studies clash on health benefits
(Decanter) Two different studies give
different conclusions on the benefits, or
otherwise, of wine drinking and
UCSD study shows regular, moderate
drinking may be preventative, whislt an
Oxford study showed that moderate and
heavy drinkers are at a higher risk of
developing brain diseases.
DNA to Define
Your Wine Tastes
(Wine Spectator) After getting your DNA
sequenced by Helix you can now plug that
into an app that claims to match the
results with your wine taste.
Compound Holds Potential for Treating
(Wine Spectator) Resveratrol shows
beneficial anti-inflammatory effects for
respiratory infections (in high-doses).
May Help Fight Colon Cancer
(Wine Spectator) Studies on resveratrol in
combination with grapeseed proanthocyanidins
show positive effects on colon cancer cells
compared to existing anti-inflammatory drugs
which have side-effects.
Could wine make
(SRNews) Northumbria University research
into Resveratrol's vasodilatory properties
increasing blood flow to the brain.
associated with increased risk of melanoma
(Science Daily) Alcohol intake is associated
with higher rates of invasive melanoma among
white men and women, with white wine
carrying the most significant association.
drinking may reduce frailty, cardiovascular
disease for seniors
(Medical News Today)
Research by a team from the University
of Central Florida suggest drinking moderate
amounts of alcohol could reduce frailty and
other age-related conditions, including
cardiovascular disease, by lowering
production of C-reactive protein (CRP) .
Compound Holds Potential for Treating
(Wine Spectator) Research adds to efforts to
understand the many compounds found in a
glass of wine and how they may improve
prevents erectile dysfunction
(The Drinks Business) A 40-year study made
by teams at Harvard and the University of
East Anglia has found that middle aged men
who drank plant-based drinks and ate berries
and citrus fruits that are rich in ‘flavonoids’
were 10% less likely to develop erectile
dysfunction. The benefits were strongest
among younger men.
Authorities Dismiss Red Wine's Health
Benefits as 'An Old Wives' Tale'
(Wine Spectator) New U.K. guidelines call
any amount of alcohol unsafe; new U.S.
recommendations support moderate drinking.
No safe alcohol
limit, new guidelines to say
(The Guardian) In guidelines to be published
in January 2016 drinkers will be advised to
cut back on alcohol for at least two days a
week and middle-aged people may be advised
that there is no safe level of alcohol
does to your body after the age of 40
(The Telegraph) Depression, heart & liver
damage, weight and even fertility - alcohol
consumption can cause a range of effects on
the body, and more so in the over 40s.
Chief to lower alcohol guidelines
(The Drinks Business) Dame Sally Davies is
set to call for a reduction to 10 units per
week, a significant drop from the current
(1995) guidelines of 2-3 units per day for
women and 3-4 for men.
A glass of red
wine may help diabetes sufferers, says study
Israeli researchers found that sufferers
of type 2 diabetes had improved sugar
management, increased their cardiac health
and improved their cholesterol levels when
they drank a glass of red wine.
However, previous studies have urged caution
in linking wine to specific health benefits
and diabetes support groups advise sufferers
to manage their alcohol intake carefully to
avoid potential problems.
red wine and cancer: what’s the story?
(CRUK Science Blog)
Leicester Researchers find that low
doses of Resveratrol may be better at
inhibiting certain cancers than higher ones,
"as is so often the case in life – less is
more". As a reality check the piece does say
"any benefits from the resveratrol in red
wine are likely to be outweighed by the
Red wine could
help slow dementia onset (but you'd have to
drink 1,000 bottles a day)
(The Independent) Resveratrol may affect the
underlying process of dementia...but at 1
gram twice a day that's 1000 bottles of red
Just one drink
a day 'may raise breast cancer risk'
(NHS Choices) A 30 year study by researches
at Harvard Medical School suggest women
drinking 1 glass a day are at a 13%
increased risk of alcohol-related cancers.
'even from light drinking'
(BBC) Research in the
British Journal of Medicine suggest that
light and moderate drinking - up to one
drink a day for women and two drinks a day
for men - could increase the risk of cancer,
especially breast cancer.
Antioxidant May Provide New Cancer Therapy
(Bioscience Technology) Resveratrol and
quercetin, originally identified in red
wine, show anti-cancer properties and also
reduce toxic side-effects of another widely
used cancer drug, Adriamycin.
Red wine could
help fight depression
(The Drinks Business) Research from the
University of South Carolina School of
Medicine suggests that resveratrol, such as
found in red grapes, could reduce brain
inflammation and therefore depressive
'plenty of red wine' won’t help you lose
(NHS Choices) Recent newspaper articles on
losing weight by drinking red wine are
"nonsense", mainly as the research did not
involve red wine and was carried out on
drinking harmful in later life
(The Drinks Business) Reserach "highlight
the possible hazards to cardiac structure
and function by increased amounts of alcohol
consumption in the elderly, particularly
Is White Wine
Healthy for Your Heart Too?
(Wine Spectator) Italian research looked at
caffeic acid, a polyphenol present in both
red and white wine, and its potential
cariovascular protection effects.
harness yeast to cut wine alcohol level
(Decanter) Using novel yeast strains
scientists at the Australian Wine Research
Institute (AWRI) reduced alcohol levels by
almost 2%, promising lower alcohol wines
without loss of flavour.
Red Wine Helps
(The Drinks Business) Ellagic acid was found
to dramatically slow the growth of existing
fat cells and formation of new ones.
Scientists cautioned that it was “not a
weight-loss miracle”, but that by that
by boosting the burning of fat, especially
in the liver, the compound may improve liver
function in overweight people.
Found in Red Wine Could Improve Liver Health
(Wine Spectator) Ellagic acid, found in red
grapes and wine may improve the health of
those who suffer from fatty liver disease.
in grapes, red wine may help prevent memory
(Science Daily) Resveratrol may have
positive effects on the hippocampus, an area
of the brain that is critical to functions
such as memory, learning and mood.
drinking reduce heart failure risk?
(NHS Choices) A U.S. study suggests drinking
up to about 12 UK units a week is associated
with a lower risk of heart failure in men
compared with never drinking alcohol.
However, excessive alcohol consumption is
known to lead to heart damage.
The amount of alcohol consumed in the study
group with the reduced risk was within the
UK's recommended maximum consumption limits.
day off drink a week lowers disease risk
(The Drinks Business) While drinking heavily
is not advised, a study published in the
Journal of Hepatology found that even
refraining from drinking at least one day a
week will reduce your risk of developing
cirrhosis of the liver.
regular drinking may 'damage sperm'
(NHS Choices) A study of more than 1,200
young Danish military recruits finds some
associations between alcohol intake and
measures of semen quality and sex hormones.
Although conclusions are tenuous it is
recommended, whether you are trying for a
baby or not, to spend at least a few days
per week without drinking alcohol.
glass of wine increases stroke risk by third
(The Telegraph) Drinkers in their fifties
and sixties who had at least two units a day
had a 34 per cent greater risk of stroke
than those who consumed just under half the
health benefits 'overstated'
(NHS Choices) Based on a study of 800 people
in Chianti, Tuscany, the risk of death
during the nine-year follow-up period was no
different for people with the highest levels
of metabolites (breakdown products) of
resveratrol in their urine, compared to
people with the lowest levels. There was
also no difference in the risk of developing
cancer or cardiovascular disease.
Study: A drink
a day keeps the doctor away
(The Drinks Business) While excessive
drinking increases risks, for men who drank
up to seven alcoholic drinks a week the risk
of heart failure was down by a 20% compared
to those who completely abstain from
Think You Know
How Resveratrol Works? Think Again
(Wine Spectator) Research suggests that even
low levels of Resveratrol may still provide
a protective effect for cells.
Red wine and
resveratrol: Good for your heart?
(Mayo Clinic, U.S.) Red wine's potential
heart-healthy benefits look promising so If
you already drink red wine, do so in
moderation - but drinking too much alcohol
increases your risk of high blood pressure,
high triglycerides, liver damage, obesity,
certain types of cancer, accidents and other
UK gout rates
(NHS Choices) Britain is the gout capital of
Europe with one in 40 people affected by the
condition. Regions with highest prevalence
and incidence were the North East and Wales
with men about four times more likely to be
diagnosed with gout than women.
Milk thistle –
the drinker’s dietary supplement
(Jancis Robinson) Long known as a herbal
remedy for over-indulgence, Silybum
marianum is used by various wine
critics and tasters (including at least one
NEWT) to mitigate the after-effects of
Your Wine and
(Wine Spectator) Wine tasters who swirl and
swish are at greater risk of enamel erosion,
but beer and whiskey are more damaging to
Majority of UK
adults drinking within recommended
(Harpers Wine & Spirit) Just under 2/3 of UK
adults are drinking less than the weekly
recommended units, although 12% of school
children drink alcohol during a week.
affect breast cancer survival?
(NHS Choices) U.S. research suggests that
while drinking alcohol increases your risk
of getting breast cancer, it might not
increase your risk of actually dying from
breast cancer. Consuming between one and
nine drinks per week before a diagnosis of
breast cancer is associated with a reduced
risk of death from cardiovascular disease,
and of death from any cause, compared to
Women living with or recovering from breast
cancer should not worry about the occasional
drink but should not regularly exceed the
recommended levels for (14-21 units per
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